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Friday, December 23, 2011

Catatan: Tanaman Malberi

 Malberi daun terbelah (daun lebih byk dari buah/buah sedikit)
 Jenis mulberi ni batangnya agak lembut, buah sedikit dan kecil serta daun terbelah.
 Arnab suka makan daun ni, jimat kos

Pokok malberi ni dah nak masuk 4 tahun, pokok atasnya baru tebang agar senang nak ambik buah dan daun.

Berminat dengan tanaman ini , boleh hubungi 0192272127

Thursday, December 22, 2011

 Benih pokok mulberry/malberi untuk dijual di sg buloh. Terdiri dari pelbagai ketinggian .Paling rendah 1 kaki rm5.Majoriti harga RM7.00 (tinggi 2 kaki ++) Paling tinggi 5 kaki dalam polibag besar (harga RM50). Belian ladang lain harga.
Hasil yang dipetik dari pokok malberi tepi rumah saya.Harga pasaran buah ini antara RM5-RM8 sekilo

Health Benefits of Eating Mulberries

Mulberries have an abundance of a powerful phytonutrient known as resveratrol. Research has found this compound effective in lowering the risk of stroke. In some scientific studies, resveratrol has successfully prolonged the life of white mice.

This fleshy, delicious berry is loaded with phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals known as anthocyanins. Studies conclude that anthocyanins contain many health properties, including fighting against cancer, neurological diseases and inflammation, protecting you against bacterial infections and diabetes as well as slowing down aging.

Mulberries are a good source of vitamin C, supplying 36.4 mcg per 100 g of the berries. Ascorbic acid is a natural potent antioxidant which helps get rid of infectious agents. Due to high vitamin C content, mulberries molasses have become a popular natural remedy used to treat cold and flu in Turkey.

The succulent berries are packed with iron; providing you with 1.85 mg in every 100 g of the fruit. Iron is an essential mineral that boosts the capacity of your blood in transporting oxygen in the body and is useful in treating anemia.

In Chinese traditional medicine, mulberries are seen as an important blood tonic as they are able to cleanse the blood and at the same time, promote the production of red blood cells.

Rich in vitamin A, the fruit is used by the Chinese to strengthen the eyes and enhance the vision. Vitamin A is also capable of boosting your immune system as well as maintaining strong teeth and bones.

Mulberries contain substantial amount of vitamin E. The vitamin is vital as it helps prevent breast and prostate cancer. It also helps eliminate skin diseases like acne, erythema and psoriasis.

Besides the health importance of mulberries mentioned above, they also have excellent amount of other significant nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, manganese, vitamin K and B-complex vitamins. They all contribute to the wellness of your body.

Other functions of the fruit include relieving constipation, curing certain kidney diseases, cleansing the liver and aiding premature gray hair. Mulberries are also a great weight loss diet as they contain very low calories.

Facts about Mulberry Fruit

A mulberry is a tree belongs to the genus Morus, which has a wide variety of trees that are grown throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Apart from being ornamental, it has many commercial uses that make it extremely popular. Most garden supply stores do sell mulberry plants, with some even have special service to order them for you.

Mulberries (scientific name Morus rubra or Morus alba) are the fruit grows on mulberry trees. The trees grow very rapidly and yield a great amount of fruit each season. You may see mulberries in many different colors; from white to dark red. The white berries are growing as a super food to be sold in various health food retail outlets. The white mulberry tree leaves are used to feed silk worms.

Mulberry Nutrition Facts and Calories
Nutritional Value of 1 cup (140 g) Raw Mulberries

Calories 60 kcal
Total Fat 1 g
Cholesterol 0 mg
Sodium 14 mg
Total Carbohydrates 14 g
Dietary Fiber 2 g
Sugars 11 g
Protein 2 g

Mulberry Recipe

Mulberry Juice Recipe

1 kg mulberry fruits, rinsed
900 g sugar

Use a blender to blend the mulberries for the juice. Strain to get the juice. Discard the skins and seeds.

Place the tendered mulberries in a sieve, strain and press with a fork to extract the juice. Filter the juice to remove seeds and skins.

Add the sugar and stir until dissolves. Add some ice cubes to chill if you wish.

Mulberry as a Super Fruit

Biological Description

Mulberry is a deciduous, fruit-bearing tree, which Latin name is Morus from the Moraceae family. It includes many species, the most popular ones being Morus alba, Morus nigra, and Morus rubra. Their names are derived from the colour of the buds, not the fruits.

Mulberries are fast-growing when young, but become slow-growing when they age. Morus trees have short rough trunk and twisted and drooping branches. Their leaves with toothed margins are alternate and simple, lobed on the young shoots and on the old trees. All the parts of the tree contain milky juice.

Mulberry may have male and female flowers on the same tree; they are usually wind-pollinated. Many small flowers are gathered in the inflorescences to form catkins, situated in the axils of the leaves. Female catkins are shorter than the male ones. The incredibly juicy fruit of the Mulberry tree is actually a collective fruit, consisting of closely-situated drupes with one seed inside.

Morus nigra, or Black mulberry, is the most widely-known and grown tree for its fruits, which are larger than in the other two species. It reaches about 40 feet in height, having a wide and spreading crown, which in diameter may even exceed the height of the tree. It is a long-lived plant. The large, thick, and quite rough leaves of the Black mulberry are similar to those of the Morus rubra (Red mulberry). The fruits of the two species are also very alike; except for the Black mulberry fruits are darker in colour.

Morus alba is the tallest tree, reaching up to 80 feet. Its fruit, smaller than in the other two species, is, however, very sweet and lacks the tartness of the Red and Black mulberries.


White mulberry is native to China. It grows well in almost any type of soil and tolerates drought and cold temperatures. It can be grown practically anywhere in the world. Black and Red mulberries are more fastidious: they need warmer climatic conditions, more fertile soils (preferably a deep loam), and good drainage with timely watering, however. These trees need full sun and much space for their large crowns. At the same time, they are wind-tolerant.

Black mulberry originates from western Asia (Armenia, Persia, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, etc.), while Morus rubra comes from the United States.

Parts Used

These days fruits of the Mulberry tree are widely-popularized as valuable health-promoting and nutritionally-rich foods. Some sources even state that Mulberry may be included into the list of the super foods due to its potential health benefits. Nonetheless, traditional herbalism contains many recipes of the remedies made of the Morus tree leaves and bark, which also have medicinal value.


The whole spectrum of the beneficial elements may be enjoyed in the fresh fruits of the Morus tree. At the same time, dried fruits, extracts (including leaf extract), and juices are available in the stores selling natural remedies and food supplements.


Antioxidants, capable of eliminating the damage caused by free radicals in the body and slow down the process of aging, seem to be the main constituents of the fruit juice of the Mulberry tree. Scientists mention resveratrol as the most promising component in this respect. For this reason, they now try to discover as much as possible important information about this element. It is suggested to have cardio protective, antiviral and anti-cancer action. It may also lower bad cholesterol and work to alleviate chronic inflammation, as well as postpone the development of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.

Anthocyanins – pigments in the fruit – also have antioxidant action; thus, are medicinally valuable as well. They have been studied primarily as the means to fight cancer and showed excellent results. Their content is the highest in the fruits, which are grown in the warm climate with much sunshine.

Flavonoids in the root bark of the Mulberry tree were discovered to increase the level of insulin in the body and reduce blood glucose level; therefore, they may help in controlling diabetes. The root bark is considered a mighty diuretic and expectorant. The bark of the tree has anthelmintic property.

Mulberry leaves are used to treat diabetes and hypertension, but the old leaves have tranquilizing properties and may cause hallucinations, headache, and upset stomach, so, their remedies should be used with the extreme caution.

Mulberry contains large amounts of vitamins C and K, minerals magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and iron, carbohydrates glucose and fructose, free acids (tartaric and malic), fatty acids (linoleic, stearic, and oleic), protein, pectin and fiber. The health benefits of the Morus tree are tightly connected with the elements composing its chemical structure.

Health Benefits

Lately, fighting diabetes and cancer with Mulberry became the primary issue of scientific research. These diseases are difficult to manage and Morus fruit seems to possess the necessary properties, which could be of great help in controlling these conditions.

On the other hand, strengthening the immune system, relieving pain from chronic inflammation (for example, caused by arthritis or atherosclerosis), and nourishing the blood have a long history of treatment with Mulberry fruits.

In addition, naturopaths recommend to lower bad cholesterol levels (thus, helping to avoid the development of cardiovascular disorders), shed excessive pounds, increase bone strength and fight osteoporosis with Mulberry remedies. Besides, maintaining healthy liver and kidneys, soothing the nerves, eliminating weakness, fatigue, and anemia is possible with them. It is interesting to note that premature graying of the hair may be stopped with Mulberry and even increasing low libido is possible with its fruits.

Do not forget that the treatment with Mulberry remedies is not only effective against the mentioned disease, but pleasant due to the taste of the fruits as well.

Mulberries nutrition facts

Refreshingly succulent, tart and sweet mulberries are indeed rich in numerous health benefiting flavonoid phyto-nutrients. Botanically, the berries are obtained from the silkworm tree belonging to the moraceae family; of the genus: Morus. Scientific name: Morus nigra. L. In Spanish they are known as moras.

More than hundred species of morus exist. In taxonomy, species generally are identified not by the color of the fruits (berries) but by the color of flower buds and leaves. So, a morus plant can have different colored berries (black, purple, red, white etc) in the same plant.

3 species have been recognized for their economic importance.

•The white mulberry (Morus alba) is native to eastern and central China.

•The red or American mulberry (Morus rubra) is native to eastern United States.

•Black mulberry (Morus nigra) is native to western Asia.

Mulberries are large, deciduous trees native to warm, temperate, and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Technically, the mulberry fruit is an aggregation of small fruits arranged longitudinally around the central axis as in blackberry or loganberries. Each fruit measures 2-5 cm long. In most species these berries are purple-red when ripen; however they can be white, red, purple or multiple colors in the same fruit.

Health benefits of mulberries
■Delicious, fleshy, succulent mulberries are low in calories (just 43 cal per 100 g); but are rich source of many health promoting plant derived compounds, minerals and vitamins that are essential for optimum health.

■Mulberries have significantly high amounts of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals called anthocyanins. Scientific studies have shown that consumption of berries have potential health effects against cancer, aging and neurological diseases, inflammation, diabetes, and bacterial infections

■The berries contain resveratrol, another polyphenol flavonoid antioxidant. Resveratrol has been found to be protective against stroke risk by alteration of molecular mechanisms in blood vessels, reducing susceptibility to vascular damage through decreased activity of angiotensin (a systemic hormone causing blood vessel constriction that would elevate blood pressure) and increased production of the vasodilator hormone, nitric oxide.

■In addition, these berries are an excellent source of vitamin-C (36.4 mcg per 100, about 61% of RDI), which is also a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin-C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents, counter inflammation and scavenge harmful free radicals.

■They also contain good amount vitamin A, vitamin E and in addition to the above mentioned antioxidants also contain many other health promoting flavonoid poly phenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, ß-carotene and α-carotene in small but notably significant amounts. These compounds help act as protect from harmful effects of oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease process.

■Zeaxanthin, an important dietary carotenoid selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea where it is thought to provide antioxidant and protective light-filtering functions in the retina of eyes.

■Mulberries are excellent source of iron, which is a rare feature among berries, contains 1.85 mg/100 g of fruits (about 23% of RDI). Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, determines the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.

■They also good source of minerals like potassium, manganese, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.

■They are rich in B-complex group of vitamins and vitamin K. Contain very good amounts of vitamin B-6, niacin, riboflavin and folic acid. These vitamins are function as co-factors and help body in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:

Mulberry (Morus nigra .L), Fresh, raw,
Nutrition Value per 100 g,
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base) Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 43 Kcal 2%
Carbohydrates 9.80 g 7.5%
Protein 1.44 g 2.5%
Total Fat 0.39 g 2%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.7 g 4.5%
Folates 6 mcg 1.5%
Niacin 0.620 mg 4%
Pyridoxine 0.050 mg 4%
Riboflavin 0.101 mg 8%
Vitamin A 25 IU 1%
Vitamin C 36.4 mg 61%
Vitamin E 0.87 mg 6%
Vitamin K 7.8 mcg 6.5%
Sodium 10 mg 0.75%
Potassium 194 mg 4%
Calcium 39 mg 4%
Copper 60 mcg 6.5%
Iron 1.85 mg 23%
Magnesium 18 mg 4.5%
Selenium 0.6 mcg 1%
Zinc 0.12 mg 1%
Carotene--ß 9 mcg --
Carotene, α 12 mcg --
Lutein-zeaxanthin 136 mcg --
Selection and storage
Black mulberries are particularly more flavorful and tasty than their counterpart white and red varieties. The peak season for black mulberry is May through August while the other two varieties are readily available by late spring.

In the stores, look for fleshy berries flavorful and heavy in hands. Avoid bruised, bleeding and sunken berries.

Once at home, preserve them in the zip pouch unwashed inside refrigerator where they stay fresh for up to a week. Mulberries spoil rather quickly. To eat, wash the berries in cold water in a container (bowl) instead of in running water. This way you avoid injuring. This method also brings the berries to room temperature and enhances their flavor and taste.

Preparation and serving methods
After washing them to remove sand and soil, gently pat them dry using soft cloth. Take care not to squeeze or press the berries or the will stain cloth, hand, etc. Then trim away stem ends by simply pinching off with fingers or using a small scissors or paring knife.

The berries have found their unique place in the kitchen, be it a simple mulberry pie or somewhat more complicated mulberry wine, they are favored in variety of mulberry recipes.

Here are some serving tips:

•Fresh mulberry are generally eaten as they are without any additions.

•They mix well with other berry salads.

•They can be a great snack between meals.

•Mulberries are favored in jams, jellies, tart syrups etc.

•Dried mulberries can be used in pie fillings, mulberry muffins, cookies, cakes etc.

•They are used in ice-creams, smoothies and yogurt as in strawberries, raspberries etc.


Bagaimana Cara Ternakkan Ulat Sutera China Dipopularkan ke Negara Barat

Menurut dongeng, cara penternakan ulat sutera China diajarkan oleh permaisuri Leizu, raja Huangdi pada lebih 5000 tahun yang lalu. Antara tulisan yang terukir pada kulit kura-kura yang dijumpai di China sudah ada tulisan tentang ulat sutera, pokok mulberi dan sutera. Dalam antologi China pertama iaitu “Shi Jing” ada sebuah puisi tentang memetik daun pokok mulberi untuk menternakkan ulat sutera. Kandungan utama puisi itu adalah cuaca cerah pada musim bunga, burung menyanyi, gadis ambil paskit berjalan di jalan yang sempit, beliau pergi memetik daun pokok mulberi. Puisi ini telah membuktikan China telah menguasai teknologi menternakkan ulat sutera dan menenun kain sutera.

Pada Dinasti Xihan, selepas pegawai Zhang Qian berutus ke kawasan barat, kawasan Asia Tengah Sekarang, barangan sutera China telah diangkut ke Eropah. Warga negara barat ketika melihat kain sutera yang licin itu, dianggap sebagai barangan amat berharga dan masing-masing membelinya. Difahamkan, raja Caesar Empayar Rom pernah memakai jubah yang dibuat daripada sutera China untuk menonton persembahan, jubahnya telah menyimbulkan keributan di teater itu. Columbus pernah berkata kepada anak kapal bahawa siapa mendapati tanah terlebih daluha akan dihadiahkan sebuah baju sutera. Akan tetapi, harga sutera sangat mahal seperti emas, Empayar Rom telah muncul defisit kewangan kerana mengimport sutera yang mahal. Maka, suruhan yang melarang menjual dan memakai pakaian sutera China telah dikeluarkan, akan tetapi ia telah ditentang keras oleh bangsawan yang suka sutera China, pada akhirnya, suruhan tersebut terpaksa dibatalkan oleh Empayar Rom.

Pada mulanya, warga negara Eropah tidak tahu sutera China bagaimana dikeluarkan, mereka menganggap benang sutera diambil dari pokok. Selepas diketahui kain sutera ditenun dengan benang sutera yang dikeluarkan daripada ulat sutera, mereka telah berazam belajar teknologi itu.

Pada abad ke-6, raja Empayar Rom telah memangkil seorang mubaligh yang pernah ke China, mesyuruh dia mencuri teknologi menternakkan ulat sutera. Mubaligh itu datang ke provinsi Yunan China, mengetahui pokok mulberi ditanam dengan benih mulberi, ulat sutera adalah telur ulat sutera ditetaskan selama seminggu pada musim bunga, selepas anak ulat sutera ditetaskan, menternakkannya dengan daun mulberi, ulat sutera akan memutar sutera. Mubaligh itu diketahui perkara tersebut telah menculik beberapa telur ulat sutera dan benih mulberi dan kembalik ke negaranya. Akan tetapi, Mubaligh telah keliru kedua-dua barangan itu, beliau telah menanam telur ulat sutera dan menetaskan benih mulberi, tidak berhasil. Kemudian, raja Empayar Rom telah menghantar dua Mubaligh lagi ke China untuk menculik cara penternakan ulat sutera. Kedua-dua Mubaligh telah menerima ajaran dan mengingati cara penanaman dan penetasan dengan baik, menyimpan telur ulat sutera dan benih mulberi dalam tongkat dan mengambil balik ke Rom. Sejak itu, teknologi penternakan ulat sutera dipopularkan di negara Barat.

Tentang perkataan lain tentang teknologi penternakan ulat sutera China diedarkan di negara barat dari buku “cacatan kawasan barat di Dinasti Tang” yang ditulis oleh sami Xuanzang. Buku itu menceritakan bahawa di kawasan barat ada negara kecil yang dinamakan Qu Sa Dan Na hendak mendapat teknologi penternakan ulat sutera, mereka meminta negara “Dong Guo” mengajar mereka akan tetapi ditolak bahkan meningkatkan peperiksaan di pintu keluar masuk, mencegah telur ulat sutera dan benih mulberi diedarkan ke negara lain. Menurut penyelidikan sarjana, negara “Dong Guo” ialah negara Beiwei. Raja negara Qu Sa Dan Na selepas ditolak telah meminta berkahwin dengan puteri negara Dong Guo, raja negara Dong Guo bersetuju. Sebelum upacara perkahwinan diadakan, raja Qu Sa Dan Na menghantar utusannya memberitahu puteri, meminta beliau mengambil beberapa telur ulat sutera dan benih mulberi. Puteri itu telah menerima permintaan itu, sebelum meninggalkan negara Dong Guo, puteri itu telah menyimpan telur ulat sutera dan benih mulberi dalam topinya. Ketika keluar dari negara Dong Guo, para pegawai telah memeriksa semua barangan puteri tetapi tidak berani memeriksa topinya. Jadi, telur ulat sutera dan benih mulberi dibawa ke negara Qu Sa Dan Na, kemudian diederkan ke negara barat.

Catatan Xuan Zang itu dibuktikan oleh sebuah lukisan di Xinjiang yang didapati oleh seorang penjelajah warga Hangari. Di tengah lukisan itu ada seorang wanita memakai pakaian yang mewah dan kepalanya ada topi, di sebelah kiri dan kanan ada 2 orang pembantu, pembantu di sebelah kiri tangannya menunjukkan topi wanita itu. Wanita itu ialah puteri negara Dong Guo yang mengedar benih mulberi dan telur ulat sutera ke negara barat.